Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy | Gestational Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes-Symptoms-In-Pregnancy
Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy

Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy | Gestational Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy | Gestational Diabetes Treatment: Symptoms of diabetes in pregnancy Diabetes is a very fatal disease in which your body is never able to properly control the amount of sugar in your blood because it does not have enough insulin inside.

Diabetes during pregnancy, also known as Gestational Diabetes, is the most common medical complication, representing 3.3% of all live births. 

No matter what type of diabetes you have, there are several steps you and your healthcare team can take to have a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Topic cover in this post

  • What is gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes)?
  • Causes of diabetes in pregnancy
  • Symptoms of diabetes in pregnancy
  • Diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy
  • Risks of sugar in pregnancy to mother and child
  • Who is at higher risk of gestational diabetes?
  • Treatment for diabetes in pregnancy
  • Management of diabetes in pregnancy
  • How to prevent diabetes in pregnancy
  • Dietary habits during diabetes in pregnancy – what to eat and what not
  • Frequently asked questions

The nine months of pregnancy are very challenging and many physical changes take place during this time. 

Due to these changes, there are some physical problems, which are not free from danger to ignore. One of these problems is having sugar in pregnancy i.e. 

  • Latest Updates For Diabetes Symptoms

gestational diabetes. It is called 'Gestational Diabetes' in English. Many women are found to be battling gestational diabetes during pregnancy, which needs to be treated on time. 

Hence, in this article on Tipsforhealth, we will discuss gestational diabetes in detail. First of all, let us know what is gestational diabetes.

What is Gestational Diabetes (Gestational Diabetes)?

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the level of blood sugar (sugar) increases in a pregnant woman. Those who do not already have sugar, they can also fall prey to it. 

This happens when a pregnant woman's body is not producing enough of a hormone called insulin. Gestational diabetes can result from low insulin levels.

Now you must know what is gestational diabetes. Let us now understand the reasons for this.

Causes of diabetes in pregnancy?

As we mentioned, gestational diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the body that converts food and glucose into energy in the body. 

During pregnancy, there is an increase in the level of various hormones, which leads to many changes in the body like weight gain. Due to the increase of these hormones, the level of blood sugar in the body deteriorates. 

This condition is called insulin resistance (2). Insulin resistance increases the need for insulin in the body.

Some women face insulin resistance in the last months of pregnancy. At the same time, in some women, it occurs even before the start of pregnancy. 

Such women require more insulin during pregnancy and are also at higher risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy (1).

Above we talked about the causes of gestational diabetes. Let us now look at its symptoms.

Symptoms of diabetes in pregnancy?

If you are pregnant and you need to be aware of gestational diabetes, pay attention to the symptoms mentioned below. These symptoms can be symptoms of diabetes in pregnancy (3):

  • Get tired very quickly.
  • Frequent thirst.
  • Frequent need to urinate.
  • Getting nausea.
  • Blurred appearance.
  • Frequent infections of the bladder, vagina and skin.

If the above-mentioned symptoms are seen in any pregnant woman, then contact your doctor, so that it can be treated appropriately in time.

Knowing the symptoms of gestational diabetes, it is important to know how it is diagnosed.

gestational diabetes screening

Doctors recommend getting tested for gestational diabetes between the 24th week and the 28th week of pregnancy (3). An oral glucose test is done to confirm this. In this test, it is seen how capable the cells of the body are to absorb glucose (sugar).

For this test, a pregnant woman is first given 75 grams of sugar mixed in a liter of water, then blood samples can be taken four times at different times. Do not eat anything for 10 hours before getting this test done.

In such a situation, if your blood sugar is higher than the level mentioned below, then you may have diabetes.

Risks of sugar in pregnancy to mother and baby?

Having diabetes in pregnancy can lead to the following risks:

  • Large size of the child: If a pregnant woman has diabetes, then the size of the child in the womb may be larger than normal. This increases the risk of caesarean delivery.
  • Risk of premature delivery: Women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of premature delivery. Apart from this, the baby may also have breathing problems at this stage.
  • Type-2 diabetes: Women who have gestational diabetes, they and their child may be at risk of developing type-2 diabetes in the future.
  • Stillbirth: If gestational diabetes is not treated on time, the risk of stillbirth can increase.
  • Preeclampsia: There may be a risk of preeclampsia (a condition related to high blood pressure) during gestational diabetes.

Let us now know who is more at risk of getting gestational diabetes.

Gestational-Diabetes-Treatment
Gestational Diabetes Treatment

Who is at higher risk of gestational diabetes?

Although any pregnant woman can get gestational diabetes, the risk is increased in the cases listed below.

  • Age: Women over the age of 25 are at risk of developing gestational diabetes.
  • If there is someone in the family: If someone in the family has diabetes, then the risk of diabetes in pregnancy may increase.
  • Already have diabetes: If you already have diabetes, then its risk can increase even more.
  • If you have had gestational diabetes in the past: If you had diabetes in the previous pregnancy also, then there may be a possibility of getting it in the next pregnancy as well.
  • Overweight: If a pregnant woman is overweight, the risk of gestational diabetes may increase.

After this, now we know what is the treatment of gestational diabetes.

Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

If a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes, it is important to get it treated as soon as possible. Delay can have a bad effect on the baby. Let us know what is the treatment of gestational diabetes:

  • The first treatment for gestational diabetes is the right lifestyle and healthy eating. In the meantime, you need to adopt a healthy lifestyle.
  • Also, as the pregnancy progresses, you will need more insulin. For this, the doctor can give injections of insulin. Many of the common diabetes medicines are not safe to take during pregnancy, so injections of insulin may become necessary. In addition, doctors may also prescribe a drug called metformin.

Management of Diabetes In Pregnancy

If you take some precautions, gestational diabetes can be easily controlled. For this, we are giving some tips below, which can be useful for you:

  • Monitor blood sugar: If you have gestational diabetes, check your blood sugar three to four times a day. This will help you keep your blood sugar under control.
  • Attention to the child: If someone has gestational diabetes, then after the birth of the child, keep an eye on his blood sugar, so that this disease does not bother him in future.
  • Medicines: In most cases, there is no need to take medicines during gestational diabetes, but may suggest insulin injections if the problem worsens. Therefore, take whatever medicine the doctor prescribes on time.

Let us now know how diabetes in pregnancy can be prevented.

How To Prevent Diabetes In Pregnancy?

It is true that caution is better than cure. If you take care in advance, then even the biggest problems can be avoided. 

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The same is true with gestational diabetes. Here we are telling how you can prevent gestational diabetes.

  • Healthy Eating: When you are trying to conceive, take special care of your diet. A healthy diet is very important to avoid gestational diabetes. Eat fiber rich and low fat food. In addition, avoid fried food.
  • Exercise: Exercise is essential to stay fit. It is not necessary that you go to the gym or work hard for this. To stay fit, you can walk regularly or if you come swimming, then you can also do it under the supervision of a trainer.
  • Keep weight under control: If your weight is more than normal before pregnancy, then first control your weight and then plan for pregnancy.
  • Go to the doctor if symptoms are seen: If despite all this you see symptoms of diabetes, then without delay go to the doctor and get yourself examined.

Come, after this, now let's take a look at what should be eaten and what should not be eaten when there is sugar in pregnancy?

Diabetes-Symptoms-In-Pregnancy
Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy

Diet habits during diabetes in pregnancy – what to eat and what not

Diabetes can be controlled with the right diet. Therefore, get your doctor to make the right diet plan for you. 

Apart from this, below we are going to tell what should be eaten and what should be avoided if someone has diabetes in pregnancy. Let us know, what should be eaten during this (14):

  • Fiber-rich whole grains should be eaten.
  • Green vegetables and beans etc. should be consumed.
  • Eating fruits, milk and yogurt (a kind of curd) will be beneficial.
  • Eat fish, eggs, meat, tofu and nuts.
  • It would be better if you eat three meals a day little by little and take snacks twice.

How Much Carbohydrate to Take in Gestational Diabetes?

Carbohydrate intake is essential in gestational diabetes. Know here how much carbohydrate you should take during this time.

  • Two to three foods containing carbohydrates (about 30-45 grams) in three meals.
  • One to two things in snacks are carbohydrates (about 15-30 grams).

what not to eat during pregnancy diabetes

  • Avoid cold drinks, candy and toffee.
  • Do not eat such things which have very strong sweetness.
  • Avoid jam and honey.
  • Stay away from baked goods like cakes and muffins.
  • Do not eat fast food at all.

FAQ For Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy

1. Will diabetes during pregnancy after birth affect my baby?

Ans- Women who have diabetes during pregnancy have a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes in their baby.

After the baby is born, until the production of insulin in the baby's body is not balanced, then there may be a shortage of sugar in his body.

This condition is called hypoglycemia . In this case, after the baby is born, the doctor can monitor the baby's blood sugar in the neonatal room.

2. Will I still have diabetes after the birth of my baby?

Ans - Diabetes goes away on its own after delivery. When the baby is born, the doctor checks for diabetes before leaving the hospital.

In addition, screening for diabetes can be done at six weeks after delivery (15).

3. If I had diabetes in my first pregnancy, can it happen in my second pregnancy as well?

Ans - It can happen, but it doesn't have to happen every time. If insulin has been given in a previous pregnancy, it may be more likely to happen in a second pregnancy.

In addition, the doctor may monitor blood sugar during a second pregnancy after diabetes in an earlier pregnancy.

Glucose tolerance test can be done between 16th to 18th week of pregnancy. If the result is positive, the test can be done again in the 28th week.

In this article, we have given important information about gestational diabetes (Diabetes Symptoms In Pregnancy | Gestational Diabetes Treatment), which is very important for pregnant women to know about. It is easy for every pregnant woman to avoid gestational diabetes. There itself,

Even if a woman gets this problem during pregnancy, then by taking care of some things, its effect can be reduced.